Before the guitar is played, it is most important that the instrument is tuned correctly. It will not have the correct tone otherwise, and players usually end up frustrated because they cannot make the guitar sound pleasing to them.
There are many different theories and discussions regarding tuning methods for guitar, some of which are better than others. The most simple and easiest method is to use a guitar tuner, readily available from most music shops. The open strings should be tuned as follows:
In the absence of a guitar tuner, we can use the standard '5th fret' tuning method:
The following diagram sums up this process:
This tuning method is universally used, but like all methods it is prone to slight inaccuracies, especially when playing beyond the fifth fret. Other tuning methods exist for the guitar, and the guitarist is encouraged to explore these. However, for now, this will get your guitar in tune enough for the purposes of this website.