Applications of Pentatonic Scales

G MAJOR PENTATONIC ALTERNATE NOTES Also try this descending. Listen: G MINOR PENTATONIC ALTERNATE NOTES Also try this descending. Listen: G MAJOR PENTATONIC RUN Also try this descending. Listen: G MINOR PENTATONIC RUN Listen:

Other Scales – The Whole Tone Scale

As the name implies, this scale is a scale based entirely on whole-tone intervals. So all notes in this scale will have an interval of 1 tone between them. So, in the key of A, we will get the following notes: tone tone tone tone tone tone A ^ B ^ C# ^ D# ^ F ^ G ^ A Frets: 2 2 2 … Read More

Other Scales – The Diminished Scale

The diminished scale contains a flat 3rd note (minor 3rd), a flat 5th note, and a double flat 7th note (compared to the major scale), so the step pattern is: tone semitone (b3rd) tone semitone (b5th) tone semitone (bb7th) 1+1/2tone A ^ B ^ C ^ D ^ Eb ^ F ^ Gb ^ A Frets: 2 1 2 1 2 1 3 Step Pattern … Read More


Modes are early forms of scales which were invented by the ancient Greeks before the major scale had been established. They are still used today to add slightly different tonal qualities to a piece of music, in preference to the constant use of the major scale. However, modes contain all the same notes of the major scale. Let’s explain: If … Read More

Fingering The Modes

A) IONIAN MODE Fingering and root note is the same as for the major scale. Listen (Ionian Mode starting on A): B) DORIAN MODE Root note is 2nd note of major scale. Listen (Dorian Mode starting on A): C) PHRYGIAN MODE Root note is 3rd note of major scale. Listen (Phrygian Mode starting on A): D) LYDIAN MODE Root note is 4th note … Read More

Applications of Modes and Scales

When talking about a set of chords in a key, we label each chord with a roman numeral (I to VII). There are seven chords in all, one built on each note of the scale: The chord C Major will appear as: Notes: I chord in the key of C Major (IONIAN) C – D – E – F – … Read More

Hammer-ons, Pull-offs, Slides and Bends

The guitar is a very expressive instrument. Unlike the piano, it has an added advantage in that we can control the sound of a note in many ways after we play it. Some simple expressive techniques are commonplace in most guitarists’ playing style. The most common ones are known as hammer-ons, pull-offs, slides and bends. HAMMER-ONS As the name suggests, a hammer-on … Read More

Key Signatures

When we say we are playing in a certain key, we are talking of the root note to which all other notes will relate. It is also the note that the piece of music will resolve to at the end (cadence), or any other place where a resolution is required. To help remember which notes are diatonic to a key, we … Read More