There are three different types of minor scales:
a) Natural Minor Scale
b) Melodic Minor Scale
c) Harmonic Minor Scale
All three minor scales differ from the major scale by having a flattened third note. This is referred to as a minor third. This gives it its sad, minor sound. Let’s look at the natural minor scale first.
A) NATURAL MINOR SCALE
The Step Pattern is as follows:
|1st||to||2nd||= 1 tone||(2 frets)|
|2nd||to||3rd||= 1 semitone||(1 fret)|
|3rd||to||4th||= 1 tone||(2 frets)|
|4th||to||5th||= 1 tone||(2 frets)|
|5th||to||6th||= 1 semitone||(1 fret)|
|6th||to||7th||= 1 tone||(2 frets)|
|7th||to||octave||= 1 tone||(2 frets)|
So, in the key of A minor (note, as in C major, there are no sharps or flats), we get:
On the guitar, we could play it on the G string (3rd string) like this:
Since it is not entirely functional to play a scale on a single string, we can find the notes of this scale across all strings, as outlined below.
FINGERING FOR ROOT NOTE ON 5TH STRING:
This pattern can be used when the root note of the natural minor scale falls anywhere on the 5th string.
FINGERING FOR ROOT NOTE ON 6TH STRING:
This pattern can be used when the root note of the natural minor scale falls anywhere on the 6th string.